Anaemia is a condition in which you lack enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body’s tissues. Having anaemia can make you feel tired and weak. There are many forms of anaemia, each with its own cause, the most common cause of anaemia is low iron levels in the blood – iron-deficiency anaemia. Anaemia can be temporary or long term, and it can range from mild to severe.
Causes of Anaemia
There are three main reasons people become anaemic:
- Blood loss
- A reduction in the body’s ability to produce new red blood cells
- Illness that leads to increased destruction of red blood cells.
What are the 6 types of anaemia?
- Iron deficiency anaemia. This most common type of anaemia is caused by a shortage of iron in your body.
- Vitamin deficiency anaemia.
- Anaemia of inflammation.
- Aplastic anaemia.
- Anaemias associated with bone marrow disease.
- Haemolytic anaemias.
- Sickle cell anaemia.
What are the stages of anaemia?
LID (latent iron deficiency) is present in stage 1 and 2, before anaemia occurs in stage 3. These first two stages can be interpreted as depletion of iron stores and reduction of effective iron transport.
- Stage 1 is characterized by loss of bone marrow iron stores while haemoglobin and serum iron levels remain normal.
- Stage 2 – Erythropoiesis (the process that produces red blood cells) is impaired. In spite of an increased level of transferrin, serum iron level is decreased along with transferrin saturation.
- Stage3, anaemia (reduced haemoglobin levels) is present but red blood cell appearance remains normal.
Iron deficiency anaemia signs and symptoms may include:
- Extreme fatigue.
- Pale skin.
- Chest pain, fast heartbeat or shortness of breath.
- Headache, dizziness or light-headedness.
- Cold hands and feet.
- Inflammation or soreness of your tongue.
- Brittle nails.
- Those with iron deficiency or anaemia can experience a host of psychological symptoms, including anxiety, irritability, depression, and a decrease in cognitive abilities (including poor concentration).
The following foods can interfere with iron absorption:
- tea and coffee.
- milk and some dairy products.
- whole-grain cereals.
- foods that contain tannins, such as grapes, corn, and sorghum.
- foods rich in gluten, such as pasta and other products made with wheat, barley, rye, or oats.
Here Are Some Natural Remedies for Anaemia You Can Try
- Increase Vitamin C intake.
- Yogurt with Turmeric.
- Eat more green vegetables.
- Sesame seeds.
- Raisins and dates.
Products that help with anaemia:
- Nigella Sativa
- Moringa Leaf
- Four in One
- Magnesium Glycinate