What is diabetes mellitus?
A disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to insulin (natural occurring hormone) is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood. Commonly referred to as “diabetes”.
With diabetes, one of two things happen:
- The pancreas (an organ behind your stomach) produces little insulin or no insulin at all. Insulin is a naturally occurring hormone, produced by the beta cells of the pancreas, which helps the body use sugar for energy.
- The pancreas makes insulin, but the insulin made doesn’t work as it should. This condition is called insulin resistance.
There are millions of cells in your body and to make energy they need food in a very simple form, a lot of what you eat/drink is broken down into a simple sugar called glucose (provides the energy your body needs).
To transport the sugar, from manufacturing (liver) or to be used or stored (cells), your body uses blood vessels and blood. Since the sugar is unable to enter the cells by itself, the pancreas releases insulin into the blood. Insulin serves as the key that allows sugar into the cells to be used as energy.
Sugar leaving the bloodstream and entering the cells lowers the blood sugar (hypoglycaemia). The absence of insulin means sugar is unable to enter the cells to be consumed as energy, this raises the sugar (hyperglycaemia).
Types of diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made.
- Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.
- Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.
The early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes:
1. Peeing a lot: When blood sugar levels are high, the kidneys try to remove the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. This can lead to a person needing to urinate more frequently, particularly at night.
2. Being always thirsty: The frequent urination that is necessary to remove excess sugar from the blood can result in the body losing additional water. Over time, this can cause dehydration and lead to a person feeling more thirsty than usual.
3. Always feeling hungry: People with diabetes often do not get enough energy from the food they eat. The digestive system breaks food down into a simple sugar called glucose, which the body uses as fuel. In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose moves from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
As a result, people with type 2 diabetes often feel constantly hungry, regardless of how recently they have eaten.
4. Feeling exhausted: Type 2 diabetes can impact on a person’s energy levels and cause them to feel very tired or fatigued. This tiredness occurs as a result of insufficient sugar moving from the bloodstream into the body’s cells.
5. Blurry vision: An excess of sugar in the blood can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause blurry vision. This blurry vision can occur in one or both of the eyes and may come and go.
If a person with diabetes goes without treatment, the damage to these blood vessels can become more severe, and permanent vision loss may eventually occur.
6. Slow healing of cuts and wounds: High levels of sugar in the blood can damage the body’s nerves and blood vessels, which can impair blood circulation. As a result, even small cuts and wounds may take weeks or months to heal. Slow wound healing also increases the risk of infection.
7. Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet: High blood sugar levels can affect blood circulation and damage the body’s nerves. In people with type 2 diabetes, this can lead to pain or a sensation of tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.
This condition is known as neuropathy, and it can worsen over time and lead to more serious complications if a person does not get treatment for their diabetes.
Manage your diabetes by:
- eating a healthy, well-balanced diet
- losing excess weight
Products that help diabetics:
- Four in One
- Moringa Leaf
- CO Q10Plus
- Maca Root